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Last Updated: 9:15 AM 09 APR

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A bear put debit spread is an options strategy used when you have a moderately bearish outlook on the underlying asset and expect a limited price decline. It involves buying a put option at a lower strike price (long put) and selling another put option at a higher strike price (short put) on the same asset, both with the same expiration date.

**Buying the long put: **This gives you the right, but not the obligation, to sell the asset at the lower strike price if the option
expires in-the-money (asset price is below the strike price).

**Selling the short put: **This obligates you to buy the asset at the higher strike price if the option expires in-the-money
(asset price is below the strike price). However, you receive a premium for selling this option, which helps offset the cost of the long put.

**Profit: **If the asset price falls moderately, exceeding the higher strike price but staying above the lower strike price by
expiration, you can exercise the long put and profit from the difference between the selling price (lower strike) and the purchase price
(market price). The profit is capped at the difference between the strike prices minus the premium paid.

**Loss: **If the asset price stays above the higher strike price, the long put expires worthless, and you lose the premium paid.
If the price falls significantly below the lower strike price, you are obligated to buy at the higher strike, potentially incurring a loss if
the market price is even lower.

**Limited profit potential: **Profits are capped at the difference between the strike prices minus the premium paid..

**Limited risk: **Maximum loss is limited to the premium paid.Higher cost compared to buying a single put option: By
selling the higher strike put, you increase the upfront cost compared to buying a single put at the lower strike price.

This strategy is suitable for investors with a moderately bearish outlook on the underlying asset who want to:

- Believe the asset price will decline.
- Want to generate income (premium) while limiting potential losses
- Are comfortable with the potential to be assigned (forced to sell) the asset at the lower strike price if the price falls significantly.

The break-even point for an option strategy is the underlying asset price at the expiration date where the strategy neither makes a profit nor suffers a loss. It takes into account the combined costs and potential payoffs of all options involved in the strategy.

In options trading, the probability of profit (POP) reflects the likelihood of your chosen strategy resulting in a profitable outcome b the expiration date. While it's not a foolproof indicator, it can be a helpful tool for assessing potential risk and reward scenarios.

The risk-reward ratio is a crucial concept in options trading, helping you assess the potential profit compared to the potential loss of a particular strategy. It doesn't guarantee success, but it provides a valuable framework for informed decision-making.

- Divide the expected profit if the strategy is successful by the maximum possible loss.
- Higher ratios (e.g., 3:1) generally indicate more favorable risk-reward profiles, but they might also signal lower potential profits.
- Lower ratios (e.g., 1:2) could suggest higher potential profits, but also come with greater risk of substantial losses.

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