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# Calls and Puts

## Watch here, How to use calls and Puts?

**Calls and Puts?**

**Working with Option Buying**

**Buying a Call Option (Long Call):**

**Buying a Put Option (Long Put)?**

**Key Considerations**

## **Working with Option Selling:**

**Selling a Naked Call?**

**Selling a Naked Put?**

**Additional Risks?**

**Moneyness: **

**Breakeven: **

**Probability of Profit (POP)? **

Main Menu > Strategies > Directional (Single Leg) > Calls And Puts

Last Updated: 9:15 AM 09 APR

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Single call and put positions are fundamental options trading strategies that involve buying either a call option or a put option on an underlying asset. Each position has its own unique risk and reward profile, making them suitable for different market expectations and risk tolerances.

**Investment Thesis :**You believe the price of the underlying asset will increase in the future.

**Payoff : **If the price of the asset rises above the strike price by the expiration date,
you can exercise the option and purchase the asset at the lower strike price, pocketing the difference.
The maximum profit is limited to the difference between the strike price and the expiration price minus
the premium paid.

**Risk: **If the price of the asset stays the same or declines, the option expires worthless, and you lose the entire premium paid.

**Investment Thesis : **You believe the price of the underlying asset will decrease in the future.

**Payoff :**If the price of the asset falls below the strike price by the expiration date,
you can exercise the option and sell the asset at the higher strike price, profiting from the difference.
The maximum profit is limited to the difference between the strike price and the expiration price minus the premium paid.

**Risk :** If the price of the asset stays the same or increases, the option expires worthless, and you lose the entire premium paid.

**Strike Price :**The strike price is the predetermined price at which you can buy (call) or sell (put) the underlying asset if you exercise the option.

**Expiration Date :**The expiration date is the date by which you must exercise the option, or it will expire worthless.

**Time Value :**As the expiration date approaches, the time value of an option decays, even if the price of the underlying asset remains unchanged.

**Premium:**The premium is the price you pay to buy the option. It represents the intrinsic value (difference between the strike price and the current asset price)
and the time value remaining until expiration.

Selling a single-leg call or put option, also known as naked options, is a different strategy compared to buying a single call or put. It carries significantly higher risks and requires a deeper understanding of options mechanics. Before diving in, I want to emphasize that it's crucial to fully understand these risks and consult with a financial advisor to assess if it's suitable for your investment goals and risk tolerance.

Here's a breakdown of selling a single-leg call and put:

**Investment Thesis:**You believe the price of the underlying asset will stay the same or decline in the future.

**Premium: **You collect the premium upfront, which represents your maximum profit.

**Risk: **If the price of the asset rises above the strike price by the expiration date, the buyer can exercise the option and force you to sell the
asset at the strike price, even if it's lower than the current market price. This can lead to unlimited losses, exceeding the premium collected.

**Investment Thesis: **You believe the price of the underlying asset will stay the same or increase in the future.

**Premium: **You collect the premium upfront, which represents your maximum profit.

**Risk: **If the price of the asset falls below the strike price by the expiration date, the buyer can exercise the option and force you to buy the asset
at the strike price, even if it's higher than the current market price. This can also lead to unlimited losses, exceeding the premium collected.

**Assignment Risk: **You have an obligation to fulfill the contract if the option is exercised, unlike buying an option where you have the choice.

**Margin Requirements: **Brokerages may require you to maintain a certain level of margin in your account to cover potential losses, which can tie up your capital.

**Volatility: ** Increased volatility can significantly amplify your losses, as price movements become more unpredictable.

Moneyness describes the relationship between the strike price of an option and the current market price of the underlying asset. It tells you whether the option is currently in-the-money (ITM), at-the-money (ATM), or out-of-the-money (OTM).

If the value of moneyness in negative it implies that the strike is an OTM strike on the other hand, positive moneyness implies ITM strike. Also, higher the value of moneyness higher the distance between strike and ATM.

The break-even point for an option strategy is the underlying asset price at the expiration date where the strategy neither makes a profit nor suffers a loss. It takes into account the combined costs and potential payoffs of all options involved in the strategy.

In options trading, the probability of profit (POP) reflects the likelihood of your chosen strategy resulting in a profitable outcome by the expiration date. While it's not a foolproof indicator, it can be a helpful tool for assessing potential risk and reward scenarios.

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